Here We are talking about Herpes Disease.We are providing more details of this disease.
What Is Herpes ?
The herpes simplex virus, also known as HSV, is an infection that causes herpes.There are two types of the herpes simplex virus. HSV-1, also known as oral herpes, can cause cold sores and fever blisters around the mouth and on the face. HSV-2 is generally responsible for genital herpes outbreaks.This virus affects the genitals, the cervix, and skin in other parts of the body.Herpes is a chronic (long-term) condition. However, many people never have symptoms even though they are carrying the virus.
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What Is HSV Mean
The herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a double-stranded DNA virus with an enveloped, icosahedral capsid. It is a common cause of infections of the skin and mucous membranes, manifesting itself as tiny, clear, fluid-filled blisters usually around the mouth or genitals.
Causes Of Herpes Simplex Virus
The herpes simplex virus is a virus that can be passed from person to person through direct contact. Children will often contract HSV-1 from early contact with an infected adult.
HSV-1 Infection with HSV-1 can happen from general interactions such as eating from the same utensils, sharing lip balm, or kissing. The virus spreads more quickly when an infected person is experiencing an outbreak.if the individual has had cold sores and performed sexual activities during that time.
HSV-2 Is contracted through forms of sexual contact with a person who has HSV-2. It is estimated that around 20 percent of sexually active adults within the United States have been infected with HSV-2, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD). (AAD) While HSV-2 infections are spread by coming into contact with a herpes sore, the AAD reports that most people get HSV-1 from an infected person who is asymptomatic, or does not have sores.
Prevention Of Herpes Simplex Virus
If you are experiencing an outbreak of HSV-1, try to avoid direct physical contact with other people. Do not share any items that can pass the virus around, such as cups, towels, silverware, clothing, makeup, or lip balm. Doctors also recommend that infected individuals should not participate in oral sex, kissing, or any other type of sexual activity, during an outbreak. Additionally, if your hands have come into contact with your sores, you should wash them thoroughly and apply medication with cotton swabs to reduce contact.
Individuals with HSV-2 should avoid any type of sexual activity with other people during an outbreak. If the individual is not experiencing symptoms but has previously been diagnosed with the virus, a condom should be used during intercourse. Although a condom may be used, it may still be possible to pass herpes to your partner from uncovered skin. Women who are pregnant and infected may have to take medicine to prevent the virus from infecting their unborn babies.
What Is Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection caused by HSV (herpes simplex virus). This virus affects the genitals, the cervix, and skin in other parts of the body.
Herpes is a chronic (long-term) condition. However, many people never have symptoms even though they are carrying the virus.
Many people with HSV have recurring genital herpes. When a person is first infected, the recurrences, if they do occur, tend to happen more frequently.
Symtomps Of Genital Herpes
Primary infection is a term used for an outbreak of genital herpes that occurs when a person is first infected.Primary infection symptoms, if they are experienced, are usually more severe than later recurrences.
- Blisters and ulceration on the cervix
- Vaginal discharge
- Pain when urinating
- High temperature (fever)
- Malaise (feeling unwell)
- Cold sores around the mouth
- Red blisters – these are generally painful; they soon burst and leave ulcers on the external genital area, thighs, buttocks, and rectum
Genital Herpes During Pregnancy
If a mother became infected before she got pregnant, the risk of infecting her baby is very low. This is because her antibodies are passed on to the baby. The longer the mother had the infection before becoming pregnant, the better her immunity will be, and that will be passed on to the baby. Those antibodies protect the baby during the birth and for many months afterward.For a woman who became infected during the first 13 weeks (first trimester) of her pregnancy, the risk of infecting the baby is slightly higher. If infection happens later in the pregnancy, the risk continues to increase. Most women who became infected during their pregnancy are advised to take acyclovir (antiviral medication) during their pregnancy.
- To reduce the risk of developing or passing on genital herpes:
- Use condoms when having sex
- Do not have sex while symptoms are present (genital, anal, or skin-to-skin)
- Do not kiss when there is a cold sore around the mouth
- Do not have many sexual partners
Causes Of Genital Herpes
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When HSV is present on the surface of the skin of an infected person it can easily be passed on to someone else through the moist skin which lines the mouth, anus, and genitals. The virus may also pass on to another individual through other areas of human skin, as well as the eyes.A human cannot become infected by touching an object, (working surface, washbasin, or towel) that has been touched by an infected person.
- Having unprotected vaginal or anal sex
- Having oral sex with a person who gets cold sores
- Sharing sex toys
- Having genital contact with an infected person
Prevention Of Genital Herpes
- Some people find that bathing in lightly salted water helps relieve symptoms.
- Ice packs can help. Make sure the ice is wrapped in something – do not apply ice directly to the skin.
- Apply Vaseline (or some other petroleum jelly) to the affected area.
- If urinating is painful, apply some cream or lotion to the urethra, for example, lidocaine. Some people find that if they urinate while sitting in warm water, it is less painful.
Avoid tight clothing around the affected area.
- Wash hands thoroughly, especially after touching the affected area.
- Refrain from sexual activity until symptoms have gone.
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